Analyzing Sensorineural Hearing Loss Among Family Members of Railway Workers Living Near Railway Tracks:   A Case Study

Rubi Thapa

Audiologist, Jaipur (Rajasthan)

Year: 2024, Volume: 1, Issue: 1, Pages: 48-66, Date of Publication: 20 May 2024

Abstract: This article investigates the prevalence and potential causes of Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SNHL) among individuals living near Railway tracks. Sensorineural Hearing Loss is a significant Public Health concern globally, affecting millions of individuals. While the etiology of SNHL is multifaceted, environmental factors, including exposure to Noise pollution, have been implicated. Railway tracks are recognized sources of Noise pollution, characterized by high-intensity Sound emissions from passing Trains. Audiometric tests were conducted on a sample comprising Railway employees and their family members who sought medical care for ear complaints at the Hospital. The participants were divided into two groups based on their proximity to Railway tracks. The collected data were analyzed to determine the relationship between distance from Railway tracks and the prevalence of Hearing loss. Analysis of the data reveals a significant association between distance from Railway tracks and the severity of Hearing loss. Participants residing further from Railway tracks exhibited lower rates of Hearing loss compared to those living closer to the tracks. The findings suggest a potential link between proximity to Railway tracks and Sensorineural Hearing Loss among family members of Railway workers. This underscores the importance of implementing effective Noise control measures and providing adequate Hearing protection for both Railway workers and their families living in close proximity to Railway tracks.

Keywords: Sensorineural Hearing Loss, Railway Tracks, Noise Pollution, Audiometry, Railway employees, Hospital